Yield Mechanism Explanation

How sUSDe shares the protocol's inherent generated yield

Context

Users are able to receive a portion of the protocol's generated yield as rewards by staking their USDe and receiving sUSDe atomically in return.

Once users stake their USDe for sUSDe, they begin to accrue rewards without any further action or cost.

Overview

The amount of sUSDe a user receives is determined by how much USDe was transferred as well as when it was transferred. Ethena's sUSDe utilizes a reward-bearing "Token Vault" mechanism, the same as Rocketpool's rETH or Binance's WBETH.

The protocol does not rehypothecate, lend out, or otherwise utilize deposited USDe for any purpose. There is no need for any such action, as the USDe backing mechanic inherently creates value.

This mechanism simply enables Ethena to provide protocol revenue to ecosystem participants as rewards without users having to do any action to "earn" it. The USDe value of sUSDe grows on its own. When a user unstakes his or her USDe, the user receives an amount of USDe equal to the initial amount staked plus their share of protocol revenue deposited in the staking contract as rewards while that user's USDe was staked, as reflected in the USDe value increase of sUSDe.

Important Notes

  • The amount of sUSDe you receive when you stake USDe is likely to be less in number, but valued at the equivalent amount of USDe. This is a result of the "Token Vault", reward-bearing mechanism and the ratio defined below in the worked example.

  • The value of USDe will remain worth the market trading price of USDe while sUSDe will grow in USDe value as the protocol deposits protocol revenue as rewards in the staking contract daily.

  • If the protocol were to suffer a loss due to funding or another reason, Ethena's insurance fund is intended to bear the cost, rather than the staking contract.

Users can only receive positive or flat reward accrual while staking USDe; periods of negative protocol revenue are not passed on to sUSDe. Ethena's reserve fund bears associated costs if funding is so negative that it causes negative protocol revenue.

Calculation & Worked Example

sUSDe:USDe ratio = (total sUSDe supply) / (total USDe staked + total protocol revenue deposited in USDe terms)

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